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    To Fight Antimicrobial Resistance, FDA Asks Animal Drugmakers for More Information

    A new regulation proposed by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) would require manufacturers and sponsors of veterinary antibiotics used in food-producing animals to collect and submit data regarding the use of the drugs in specific animal species. The data is intended to help advance FDA's efforts to promote the "judicious use" of antibiotics as part of a broader initiative to stem the rise of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Under the 2008 Animal Drug User Fee...
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    UK Review: New Models Needed to Fight Antimicrobial Resistance

    A review of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), commissioned by the UK and led by internationally renowned economist Jim O'Neill, is calling for billions of dollars in new funding intended to incentivize drug development and head off the threat of drug-resistant disease. Background Health authorities are increasingly citing AMR as one of the most pressing threats to global public health. In its 2014 Antimicrobial Resistance: global report on surveillance , the World He...
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    Public Health Groups Propose Global Drug Innovation Fund

    Two health advocacy groups, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative (DNDi) are urging public health authorities to create a global fund to tackle what they call "deadly gaps in innovation." Citing the rising threat of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), emerging infectious diseases and neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), the two organizations say the pharmaceutical industry is failing to address certain public health challenges. Back...
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    Global Efforts to Combat Antimicrobial Resistance 'Lacking,' WHO Report Finds

    The World Health Organization (WHO) has completed the first global assessment of national strategies to counter the rise of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Only a quarter to countries had plans in place to limit the use of antimicrobials, leaving "major gaps" in the struggle against AMR in every region of the world. Background The rise of AMR is tied to the overuse and misuse of antimicrobial medicines such as antibiotics. When microbes targeted by antimicrobial medicin...
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    Are Biotechnology Products Safe for the Environment? FDA's New Policy Asks for Data

    While the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) may be primarily concerned with what medicinal products do to the human body, a lesser-known secondary concern of regulators is what a product will do to the environment. Background Under 21 CFR 25.40 of the  Code of Federal Regulations , most pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies are required to submit an Environmental Assessment (EA) when submitting a new drug for approval. The assessments are meant to show how a...
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    In Fight Against Antimicrobial Resistance, EMA Looks to Public for Help

    The European Medicines Agency (EMA) is looking for feedback on a new set of principles for setting the defined daily dose (DDDA) and defined course dose (DCDA) for antimicrobial products used in animals. The guideline was drafted by the European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimicrobial Consumption (ESVAC) committee, and is intended to establish standards for setting DDDA and DCDA amounts for veterinary antimicrobial products. The consultation is part of an ongoing...
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    EU Considers Major Revisions to Veterinary Medicines Regulations

    The European Parliament is considering major changes to how veterinary medical products are regulated in the EU. At the upcoming meeting of the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) committee on 18 March 2015, members will discuss a proposal for a new regulation which is intended to overhaul the regulation of veterinary medicines and streamline the European market for veterinary medicinal products. Background Veterinary and human medicines regulations in th...
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    EMA Releases new Policies Meant to Combat Antimicrobial Resistance

    As part of its efforts to combat antimicrobial resistance (AMR), the European Medicines Agency (EMA) has issued two draft guidelines related to the use of antimicrobial agents in veterinary medicinal products. Background Resistance to antimicrobials is not a new phenomenon. Scientists have observed AMR as far back as the late 1930s, following the discovery and mass use of sulfanilamide. Alexander Fleming, the scientist who discovered penicillin, warned of the risk...
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    Three EU Agencies Collaborate on Drug Resistance Study

    Three EU agencies have announced they will work together in the hopes of better understanding one of today's most pressing global healthcare issues: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Global and Historical Context Resistance to antimicrobials is not a new phenomenon. Scientists have observed AMR as far back as the late 1930s, following the discovery and mass use of sulfanilamide. Alexander Fleming, the scientist who discovered penicillin, warned of the risk of AMR in...
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    US Launches New Antibiotics Strategy, Calls for New Regulatory Efforts and Incentives

    A new federal strategy aimed at combatting antibiotic resistance calls for the creation of a "robust pipeline of new antibiotics" and new "comprehensive monitoring" systems to track resistance trends. Background The report , authored by the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) and released on 18 September 2014, comes just as two troubling trends are intersecting. The first: Antibiotic resistance, which government officials blame for ...
  • FDA Doubles Down on Voluntary Approach to Limiting Use of Antibiotics in Food-Producing Animals

    The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), bowing to decades of pressure, has agreed to "significant steps" it says will limit the prescribing of antibiotics to food-producing animals in an attempt to limit the spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Background FDA's antibiotic use policy first began to take shape in the 1970s, and in recent years has been subject to intense scrutiny from outside advocates , former FDA officials , government investigators , and ev...
  • FDA, Others Plan Meeting to Address Antimicrobial Resistance

    Three US healthcare agencies, including the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), are planning to hold a meeting in November on the topic of antimicrobial resistance, and in particular the progress made to combat resistance and further steps to be taken. The meeting, announced in a Federal Register posting on 19 September , will also involve the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Institutes of health (NIH), all of which are located wi...