• RF Quarterly

    Elements of global regulatory strategy — The basics

    For most of regulatory science’s established history, regulations governing drug safety and efficacy were established on a country-by-country basis. For instance, a US-centric framework was appropriate when most US-manufactured drugs were distributed and sold largely on the US market. Today, the pharmaceutical industry’s expanding global reach means drug distribution is multinational, yet the current regulatory frameworks still are largely national or regional in focus. Th...
  • Feature ArticlesFeature Articles

    Nitrosamines in pharmaceuticals: Scientific and regulatory status

    Nitrosamines in pharmaceuticals have been of special concern since their presence at unacceptable levels in popular medicines was highlighted in 2018. Since then, improved understanding of their chemistry has enhanced the risk assessments, testing, and mitigation steps required to help minimize nitrosamine contamination in drug substances, excipients, and drug products. In addition, regulatory authorities have largely harmonized requirements and allowable limits in their r...
  • Regulatory NewsRegulatory News

    Pharma groups: FDA is exceeding its authority in risk management plan guidance

    The US Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) draft guidance on risk management plans (RMPs) has overstepped the agency’s statutory bounds in requiring manufacturers of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) as well as prescription drug manufacturers to submit risk management plans (RMPs) to avert drug shortages.   This requirement could impose the very drug shortages it is designed to prevent, instead of just targeting those products at risk of drug shortage, pharmace...
  • Feature ArticlesFeature Articles

    FDA ‘high-risk’ foreign inspections: Post‒COVID-19 response to GMP challenges

    This article examines the US Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) return to inspections that were put on hold during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. It outlines the agency’s oversight of drug and biological products during the pandemic and its plans moving forward. The authors summarize the agency’s guidance and policies, industry considerations, and recommendations to manufacturers preparing for their next FDA inspection.   Keywords FDA, inspections, quality, risk m...
  • Regulatory NewsRegulatory News

    FDA asks manufacturers to develop risk management plans to avert shortages

    The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued draft guidance that spells out which types of drugs and medical devices are vulnerable to shortages and should be subject to risk management plan (RMP) reporting. The guidance also recommends risk factors to consider when developing the content of the RMPs.     Under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act), FDA was given new authorities to collect information from manufacturers in respond...
  • Regulatory NewsRegulatory News

    Pharmaceutical industry groups suggest ICH Q9 changes

    The proposed revisions of the International Council of Harmonization’s (ICH) Q9 (R1) guideline on risk management should be better aligned with medical device quality risk standards as well as international standards. Further, a firm’s information technology (IT) program should be subject to the same level of risk controls as other areas within an organization, representatives of the pharmaceutical industry said in their comments on the update.   The European Medicin...
  • Regulatory NewsRegulatory News

    ICH releases revised Q9 guideline to improve risk assessments

    The International Council for Harmonization (ICH) issued a revision of the Q9 guideline that aims to address the shortcomings of the current guideline. The goal of the revision is to provide “more scientific and robust applications of quality risk management principles (QRM)” leading to “fewer quality defects and recalls” and reduced costs for the pharmaceutical industry, according to an ICH business plan .   The ICH Q9(R1) guideline was published on the European Me...
  • RF Quarterly

    Biologics compliance

    This article discusses the phases from the product development to commercialization. Biologics are subject to 21 Code of Federal Regulations in order to meet the criteria established for safety, purity, and potency. Compliance to these regulations should be built based on a quality management system and risk management to capture changes during the product development and process validation phases and prepare a product and facility for inspection readiness. Post commercial...
  • Feature ArticlesFeature Articles

    Strategies for managing regulatory risk with third-party distributors

    In today’s global healthcare distribution market, an increasing number of medical device and in vitro diagnostic medical device (IVD) companies are aspiring to market globally. One of the main challenges these manufacturers face is how to register and distribute their products internationally. While direct distribution channels may be feasible for larger multinational corporations, third-party distribution brings its own advantages, and is becoming the norm in today’s land...
  • Feature ArticlesFeature Articles

    Risk management, drug shortages and the EU portal for clinical trials

    Feature articles during May focused on risk management and mitigation in dealing with contractors and vendors and included articles on best practices in good vendor management, use of risk management to support outsourcing activities, testing in-house versus outsourcing, and outsourcing in regulatory operations. Also included were in-depth examinations of challenges and opportunities in “bespoke” therapies, a critical appraisal of drug shortages in Germany and an update on...
  • Feature ArticlesFeature Articles

    A guide to good vendor management

    This article addresses best practices for regulatory affairs departments in their work with vendors. The author provides an overview of the vendor-contract giver relationship, then discusses finding an appropriate vendor, due diligence in selecting a vendor, vendor-related risk management, contract management, performance evaluation, maintaining the vendor-contract giver relationship, and the importance of follow-up meetings, audits, and reviews.   Introduction   A...
  • Feature ArticlesFeature Articles

    Using risk management to support outsourcing activities

    This article outlines organizational risks and benefits with respect to third-party vendors and partnerships in regulatory affairs functions. It also discusses the different controls available to apply an effective risk management program in an organization.   Introduction   The use of contracted or third-party services can be an effective way for organizations to resource projects or programs. This way of working has been a growing trend in business operations, e...