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    An overview of upstream manufacturing process and process controls for biologics drug substance: A cytokine case

    This article provides an overview for writing up the biological drug substance manufacturing process and process controls. The authors provide an example for the manufacturing of biological drugs consisting of a cytokine. They cover several complex manufacturing steps and details expected to be included in Section 3.2.S.2.2 (Description of Manufacturing Process and Process Controls) of the Common Technical Document (CTD) for the Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Us...
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    Medical Device Validation: What You Need to Know and Why It's Important

    Inadequate process validation is one of the most common issues leading to warnings from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). It may also be the most difficult to address, according to Max Sherman, the editor of RAPS’ recently published second edition of The Medical Device Validation Handbook . Unfortunately, many regulatory and quality professionals, and others involved in device compliance, lack the necessary knowledge and expertise. “People need a greater unders...
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    Preparing for and Managing FDA Inspections

    The article discusses best practices for a manufacturer to stay 'inspection ready' on a day-to-day basis with a focus on how to prepare for and successfully manage FDA inspections from start to finish. Introduction For pharmaceutical manufacturers, US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) inspections are an occasional part of being in business and perhaps a fact-of-life. While FDA is required to inspect drug manufacturing facilities every two years, the agency is also au...
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    Pharmaceutical Cleaning Processes

    This article presents a lighthearted look at pharmaceutical industry cleaning processes, cleaning validation and cleaning verification. Introduction I really like my new stainless steel dishwasher. It has lots of cool, blinking blue lights, many intriguing buttons and a variety of cycles. It also performs magic. I put dirty dishes in, add detergent, push the right buttons and voila! Dishes, glasses, knives and forks all come out clean about an hour later. Technology s...
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    MHRA Details Common Issues in Clinical Trial Applications

    The UK's Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) on Wednesday issued guidance detailing the most common issues it sees in clinical trial applications in an effort to help sponsors avoid unnecessary delays. According to the agency, more than half of the approximately 1,000 clinical trial applications submitted each year require additional information before they can be reviewed and approved. While MHRA typically reviews clinical trial applications for ...
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    Process Validation Review: How Many Ways Can You Bake a Pie?

    This article explains process validation in a fun way using pie baking as an analogy. If you are like me, you cook for Thanksgiving. In my family, I am expected to make several pies and my favorite is Kentucky Pie, a cross between chocolate chip and pecan pie—yummy! Every year, it turns out different. Some years, I make it with bourbon, some without and sometimes with cornmeal instead of flour. Each time it is pretty good, but different because I like to be creative. W...
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    Patents vs. Market Exclusivity: Why Does it Take so Long to Bring Generics to Market?

    It’s well known that generic drugs are just as safe and effective as their brand name counterparts. They’re the cheap knockoffs that help more people around the world gain access to innovative and sometimes life-saving treatments; the boring copycats made by companies you’ve never heard of and sold in plain bottles with little fanfare. But what most people, particularly those outside the pharmaceutical industry, don’t realize is that what’s constraining the dissemination...
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    The Path to Successful Global Regulatory Operations: Document Management Processes and Technology Challenges

    This article discusses the process and technology challenges regulatory operation organizations face as they seek to operate globally and provides recommendations for how they can begin addressing them. As pharmaceutical organizations operate on an increasingly global scale, the regulatory operations function is being asked to perform at a higher level of effectiveness. For operating in multiple countries, often in collaboration with multiple partners, the development ...
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    EMA Finalizes Process Validation Guidance

    The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has finalized guidance intended to help sponsors meet the data requirements for process validation for biotechnology-derived active substances. The guidance, which goes into effect in November 2016, covers process validation for a host of biological active ingredients, such as recombinant proteins and recombinant polypeptides, and may be applicable to other biological products such as vaccines or plasma-derived products. Process Valid...
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    Industry, FDA Discuss Benefits of Data Sharing in Biomarker Development

    Data sharing is critical to the validation of new biomarkers used in drug development, experts at the seventh annual Predictive Safety Testing Consortium (PSTC) workshop at the US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) White Oak campus on Monday said. Biomarkers are biological characteristics that can be measured to give an indication of a biological process or the presence or likelihood of a disease.  They can also predict how a patient might respond to a particular inter...
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    Practical Guidance for Regulatory Professionals on Combination Products

    This article provides an overview of combination products and practical suggestions and strategies for regulatory affairs professionals when developing global submission strategies and contributing to development and design control activities. Combination Products Combining a drug, device or biological product into a new product (frequently called a "combination product") continues to be an important and growing category of therapeutic products. Approximately one-thir...
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    510(k) Submissions: Current Trends and Tips

    This article discusses current trends in the 510(k) submission process, primarily with Class II orthopedic and spinal implants, and will provide tips on maintaining a smooth and successful submission process. This past year has seen the 510(k) submission process evolve and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) take a more stringent stance on what submission materials will be accepted. To offset some of the technical impact of a stricter adherence to a more rigorous...