• Feature ArticlesFeature Articles

    Global overview for probiotics: Trends, markets, and harmonization

    This article discusses current diverging regulations for probiotics as ingredients in foods and dietary supplements and the trends and translational science that have demonstrated probiotic benefits. It emphasizes how aligning a global probiotic harmonized regulatory framework can help navigate the confusion around the regulations to ensure global consumer access to beneficial products of quality.   Keywords – Codex, harmonization, regulations, probiotics, probioti...
  • Feature ArticlesFeature Articles

    The impact of Brexit on food supplements and specialized food products

    This article examines the impact of diverging regulations and practices for food supplements and specialized food products since the UK left the EU market in 2020.   Keywords – Brexit, divergence, food supplements, UK, Northern Ireland   Background and introduction On 23 June 2016, the UK, comprising England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales, held a referendum on whether the UK should remain in the EU or leave. Based on an overall majority of 51.9% on ...
  • Feature ArticlesFeature Articles

    June’s Regulatory Focus: Nutrition in health and disease management

    Feature articles in June examined food safety in China, US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidance on supply chain disruptions, possible updates to the US Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA), and FDA and Federal Trade Commission (FTC) regulation of dietary supplements intended for treating or preventing certain mental health disorders.   Safety, disruptions, and responsive policy  China has improved its overall food safety situation significant...
  • Feature ArticlesFeature Articles

    An update of China’s food safety regulatory framework

    This article reviews the changes in China's national food safety control system and update on national food safety standard system and describes the country's unique regulations and requirements for the regulatory control of infant formula, health foods (functional foods), and food for special medical purposes (FSMP). Keywords – infant formula; food for special medical purposes; food regulatory control; food safety; food standards   Introduction Since the m...
  • Regulatory NewsRegulatory News

    FDA finalizes guidance on food effect studies, issues draft on contamination prevention for non-penicillin beta-lactam drugs

    The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently issued two guidances for industry: a final guidance on how to conduct food effect studies for oral drugs being considered for investigational new drug (IND) and new drug applications (NDAs), and a draft guidance outlining a current good manufacturing practice (CGMP) framework for preventing penicillin from cross contaminating non-penicillin beta-lactam drugs and compounds. Food effect studies   The final guidance on...
  • Regulatory NewsRegulatory News

    Consent decree shuts down Utah herbal firm

    A Utah-based manufacturer and seller of herbal remedies and nutritional supplements has agreed not to market or sell its wares until products and labeling are compliant with federal drug regulations. Acting on behalf of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Department of Justice filed the complaint that triggered the consent degree of permanent injunction between Grandma’s Herbs, Inc., its owners, and the US government. The consent decree was entered by the US Dis...
  • Feature ArticlesFeature Articles

    ‘Immune’ claims and COVID-19

    Correction and Editor’s note: The article, ‘Immune’ claims and COVID-19 (published 30 June 2021) incorrectly stated that Vi-Jon Inc. had received a warning letter from the FDA, when in fact it had not received such a letter. The article was corrected on 15 July 2021, but the correction was not appropriately noted on our website. The article was further updated on 27 August 2021 to remove an extraneous reference. Regulatory Focus regrets these errors and apologizes. ...
  • Regulatory NewsRegulatory News

    FDA to Amazon: Stop shipping products that contain undisclosed drugs

    The mammoth online retailer Amazon received an untitled letter from The US Food and Drug Administration’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (FDA’s CDER) identifying 26 sexual enhancement and weight loss products that contain “undeclared” and “potentially harmful” drug ingredients, according to FDA’s testing of the products.   In this letter — not the first correspondence the agency has had with Amazon on the matter —the firm was called out for marketing unapprove...
  • Feature ArticlesFeature Articles

    June’s Regulatory Focus: Nutrition in health and disease management, and the gut microbiome

    This issue marks the 6th annual RAPS series on nutrition in health and disease management, and the gut microbiome, in which global experts write about food, nutrition, and dietary supplements from regulatory, trade, marketing, and legal perspectives. In keeping with the series, articles in the current issue examine US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulatory guidance and requirements, especially regarding dietary supplements, bioengineered products, probiotics, and CO...
  • Feature ArticlesFeature Articles

    Global regulatory trends in CBD use in food and food supplements

    This article examines the regulatory trends for using cannabidiol (CBD) as an ingredient in foods and food supplements and provides guidance for companies to interpret current regulation and predict its future direction. The author discusses navigating current regulatory complexity to realize commercial opportunities and outlines the challenges and opportunities for bringing food and food supplement products containing CBD to markets around the world.   Introduction ...
  • Feature ArticlesFeature Articles

    Current status and future FDA enforcement of dietary supplements

    FDA observations for adulterated dietary supplements have remained consistent since 2010, even during 2020, when inspections were down 47% and accommodations for compliance were made because of the COVID-19 pandemic. These include requirements to establishment specifications, testing to determine if specifications are met, use of master manufacturing records, preparation of batch production records, and ensuring quality responsibilities are defined. The pandemic has also r...
  • Feature ArticlesFeature Articles

    Enhancing consumer confidence and supplement access through harmonized retail standards

    Although third-party audit, certification, and retail standard programs highlight reputable companies and help ensure that dietary supplements on store shelves are safe and unadulterated, multiple standards create a complicated patchwork of requirements that are difficult for manufacturers and consumers to navigate. Responsible industry has emphasized the need to harmonize standards by eliminating duplicative, costly testing and allowing retailers to confirm a manufacturer...