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    FDA offers first thoughts on neurodegenerative disease gene therapies

    The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued draft guidance on the development, testing, and trial design for human gene therapies for neurodegenerative diseases. The document, released on 5 January 2021, also highlights approval pathways for these novel products.   The draft guidance, which applies to products for both adult and pediatric populations, emphasizes the importance of early communication with FDA before the submission of an investigational new drug...
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    EMA updates advanced therapy guidelines for developers

    The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has updated its guidance to industry on the development of new medicines with genetically modified cells, including a special section on considerations for developing chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapies.   “It is recognised that this is an area under constant development and the guideline should be applied to any novel product as appropriate,” the EMA wrote in the new guideline.   The 36-page guideline provides rec...
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    November's Regulatory Focus: US, China, and EU: Regulatory and strategic considerations

    Feature articles during November focused on a range of topics, including a comparison of US drug regulatory pathways with those in China, as well as the application of EU and US guidelines during product development for advanced therapies. The line-up also included articles on the challenges in getting contemporaneous approval for medicines and companion diagnostics, and the importance of early planning in preparation for the transition to the EU In Vitro Diagnostic Devi...
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    Marks fields questions on cell and gene therapy development

    Expect new guidance from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on the manufacture of CAR-T cells, said Peter Marks, director of the agency’s Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER).   Marks answered questions on a range of issues related to cell and gene therapy development during a webinar hosted by Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News .   Saying that CBER is working on new guidelines for CAR T-cell therapy manufacturing, Marks said, “The agen...
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    Advanced therapies: Navigation and application of EU and US guidelines during product development

    Continued progression and understanding in the development of advanced therapies has led to a significant increase in the number of products and types of indication under investigation, particularly for treating serious and life-threatening conditions. Although the principle regulatory requirements and guidance, as issued for traditional biologic products, can be generally applied, advanced therapies require additional regulatory and strategic considerations because of the...
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    September’s Regulatory Focus: Countdown to EU MDR and IVDR

    Feature articles during September focused on aspects of the EU Medical Device Regulation (MDR) and In Vitro Diagnostic Regulation (IVDR), with articles on compliance and manufacturer obligations, and perspectives examining the current status of the regulations. The issue also included the second part of the cell and gene therapy series, and an article on regulatory tools for generic drug companies.   MDR and IVDR, close up Full implementation of MDR is slated for ne...
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    Regulation of cell and gene therapy products in China

    This article provides an overview of the Chinese regulations and guidance documents for cell and gene therapy products (CGTPs).   Introduction As early as 1993, Chinese regulators provided guidance on clinical research for somatic cell and gene therapy. More regulations, laws, and guidances have since been published, either specific to, or including, CGTPs. The two most recent publications have been draft guidelines for clinical studies for immune cell therapy produc...
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    Gene therapies – The regulatory road to individualized medicine

    This article discusses the evolving US regulatory landscape for gene therapies. The author explores the recent history and developmental paradigm shifts for gene therapy products and concludes with advice for abbreviated development and thoughts on policies that will create a sustainable gene therapy ecosystem. The author examines the paradigm shift of clinical trial and lifecycle management for gene therapies and considers the changes to the US regulatory framework that ...
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    Regulatory Focus, July issue: Cell and gene therapy

    Feature articles during July focused on global regulatory strategy for cell and gene therapy, with articles on US and EU regulations and guidances and the development and manufacture of the therapies. Also included were articles on recasting the corrective and preventive action (CAPA) process as a continuous improvement process, a military-civilian perspective on real-world evidence (RWE) to support regulatory decision making, and regulatory reporting in multinational tria...
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    Gene therapies: Industry asks for clarification on FDA’s sameness guidance

    Biotech companies and industry groups are raising questions about the US Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) recent draft guidance on interpreting sameness of gene therapy products under its orphan drug regulations.   The draft guidance, issued for comment in January, explains how FDA intends to determine the sameness of two gene therapies intended for the same use or indication for the purposes of awarding orphan drug designation and exclusivity. (RELATED: FDA fina...
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    Regulation of advanced therapy medicinal products in the EU

    This article explains some of the terminology relating to advanced therapy medicinal products (ATMPs), including gene and cell-based therapies, tissue-engineered products, and combined ATMPs. The author explains the key EU regulations and guidance documents for each therapy type and discusses marketing authorization, accelerated regulatory pathways, and market access. He advises companies navigating this complex regulatory environment to engage with the regulatory agencies...
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    Update on RMAT designations

    This article discusses the scope and purpose of the special designation for regenerative medicine advanced therapies (RMAT) created by the passage of the 21st Century Cures Act. The authors explain the benefits expected to be realized with RMAT and provide a tally of products receiving the special designation to date and a current count, by year, of products for which RMAT designation has been requested.   Introduction Section 3033 of the 21st Century Cures Act, titl...