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    An overview of upstream manufacturing process and process controls for biologics drug substance: A cytokine case

    This article provides an overview for writing up the biological drug substance manufacturing process and process controls. The authors provide an example for the manufacturing of biological drugs consisting of a cytokine. They cover several complex manufacturing steps and details expected to be included in Section 3.2.S.2.2 (Description of Manufacturing Process and Process Controls) of the Common Technical Document (CTD) for the Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Us...
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    A guide to good vendor management

    This article addresses best practices for regulatory affairs departments in their work with vendors. The author provides an overview of the vendor-contract giver relationship, then discusses finding an appropriate vendor, due diligence in selecting a vendor, vendor-related risk management, contract management, performance evaluation, maintaining the vendor-contract giver relationship, and the importance of follow-up meetings, audits, and reviews.   Introduction   A...
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    Using risk management to support outsourcing activities

    This article outlines organizational risks and benefits with respect to third-party vendors and partnerships in regulatory affairs functions. It also discusses the different controls available to apply an effective risk management program in an organization.   Introduction   The use of contracted or third-party services can be an effective way for organizations to resource projects or programs. This way of working has been a growing trend in business operations, e...
  • Regulatory NewsRegulatory News

    Industry Calls for Changes in Two REMS Guidances

    Industry groups representing the pharmaceutical, biotechnology and generic drug industries are calling for changes to two recent US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) draft guidances on risk evaluation and mitigation strategies (REMS).   The draft guidances , released for comment in January, detail a framework for companies to develop an assessment plan for their REMS programs and provide recommendations for surveying patient and health care provider knowledge of REMS...
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    FDA Modifies REMS Program for Clozapine

    The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced changes to its risk evaluation and mitigation strategy (REMS) for the antipsychotic drug clozapine, set to take effect on 28 February 2019.   Background   Clozapine, which is marketed as Clozaril, Fazaclo ODT and Versacloz, is an antipsychotic drug first developed in the late 1950s and was first approved by FDA in 1989. Clozapine is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia in patients whose symptoms are not ad...
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    Medical Device Validation: What You Need to Know and Why It's Important

    Inadequate process validation is one of the most common issues leading to warnings from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). It may also be the most difficult to address, according to Max Sherman, the editor of RAPS’ recently published second edition of The Medical Device Validation Handbook . Unfortunately, many regulatory and quality professionals, and others involved in device compliance, lack the necessary knowledge and expertise. “People need a greater unders...
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    Gottlieb: Immediate Release Opioids to be Subject to REMS

    FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb on Thursday said that immediate-release (IR) opioids will be subject to the same risk evaluation and mitigation strategy (REMS) as extended-release and long-acting (ER/LA) opioids. The agency first required a REMS for ER/LA opioids in 2012. "This week, we issued letters notifying 74 manufacturers of IR opioid analgesics intended for use in the outpatient setting that their drugs will now be subject to a more stringent set of requirements,...
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    FDA Details Plans for More Efficient Inspections, Facility Evaluations

    The US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) and Office of Regulatory Affairs (ORA) will soon launch an effort to streamline the two offices' inspection and facility evaluation efforts. In an email to FDA staff on Monday, CDER Director Janet Woodcock and Associate Commissioner for Regulatory Affairs Melinda Plaisier said it is vital that the two offices quickly implement the plan in order to meet commitments under the recent...
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    House Committee Probes Restricted Distribution Systems Delaying Generics

    • 24 March 2017
    The House Committee on Oversight & Government Reform on Wednesday heard testimony on how pharmaceutical companies use restricted distribution systems to delay generic drug competition. In his opening statement, Subcommittee on Health Care, Benefits and Administrative Rules Chairman Rep. Jim Jordan (R-OH) said that some drugmakers are manipulating the regulatory framework to block competitors from accessing the reference drugs they need to conduct bioequivalence testing t...
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    International Medical Device Regulatory Update: News and Views From San Jose

    Several sessions at the 2016 RAPS Regulatory Convergence, held in San Jose, California in September, focused on medical device regulations and regulatory changes worldwide. These included: FDA's establishment of a national evaluation system for medical devices, China's agreement to give imported medical devices the same treatment as those manufactured or developed domestically, Japan's reduced review time for medical devices over six years, Asia/Pacific's expected medica...
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    Process Validation Review: How Many Ways Can You Bake a Pie?

    This article explains process validation in a fun way using pie baking as an analogy. If you are like me, you cook for Thanksgiving. In my family, I am expected to make several pies and my favorite is Kentucky Pie, a cross between chocolate chip and pecan pie—yummy! Every year, it turns out different. Some years, I make it with bourbon, some without and sometimes with cornmeal instead of flour. Each time it is pretty good, but different because I like to be creative. W...
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    Patents vs. Market Exclusivity: Why Does it Take so Long to Bring Generics to Market?

    It’s well known that generic drugs are just as safe and effective as their brand name counterparts. They’re the cheap knockoffs that help more people around the world gain access to innovative and sometimes life-saving treatments; the boring copycats made by companies you’ve never heard of and sold in plain bottles with little fanfare. But what most people, particularly those outside the pharmaceutical industry, don’t realize is that what’s constraining the dissemination...