• RF Quarterly

    RF Quarterly, October 2021: Quality and compliance

    Welcome to the fall issue of RF Quarterly in which international experts from the US, EU, and Saudi Arabia examine quality and compliance and their governing regulations, with specific focus on data integrity, quality system design and management, current good manufacturing practice (cGMP), and postmarketing activities in relation to medical devices, pharmaceuticals, and biologics.   Pragmatism, integrity, and QMS Data reliability in all formats and parts of an o...
  • RF Quarterly

    Data integrity and compliance with GxP: A pragmatic approach

    Issues related to data integrity have been in the news in recent years, often focusing on companies receiving citations from regulatory agencies regarding unreliable computer data. While the laboratory and computer data were the primary focus, data reliability in all formats and in all parts of the operation are critical to ensure products are reliable. While many also think this issue applies only to quality and operations, if the information listed in the regulatory doss...
  • RF Quarterly

    Current good manufacturing practices and quality system design

    Quality by design, or the principle of building quality into a product and testing, was introduced in 2011 as process validation guidance. Today it is codified within the Title 21 section 820. The quality management system (QMS) encompasses this principle in all areas of healthcare manufacturing – including drugs, biologics, and devices – and, with compliance, can ensure the safety and effectiveness of all manufactured products. The establishment, implementation, and maint...
  • RF Quarterly

    Medical device quality management systems

    Introduction A quality management system (QMS) is one of the five medical device conformity assessment elements. 1 Manufacturers of medical devices are expected to implement, document, and maintain a QMS that “ensures the medical devices it designs, manufactures, and supplies to the market are safe, perform as intended, and comply with the relevant provisions of the regulations in the countries where the product is made available.” 2   Today, a QMS is seen as a ...
  • RF Quarterly

    Biologics compliance

    This article discusses the phases from the product development to commercialization. Biologics are subject to 21 Code of Federal Regulations in order to meet the criteria established for safety, purity, and potency. Compliance to these regulations should be built based on a quality management system and risk management to capture changes during the product development and process validation phases and prepare a product and facility for inspection readiness. Post commercial...
  • Regulatory NewsRegulatory News

    ICH survey shows strong level of guideline implementation

    Most of the 55 guidelines from the International Council on Harmonisation that relate to quality, safety and efficacy, as well as multidisciplinary guidelines, have been adopted among its 10 non-founding members and observers and 30 pharmaceutical companies, according to the results of a new survey.   The survey was designed to monitor the adequacy and level of implementation to ICH guidelines by regulators and industry and complements one released in 2019 on the adopt...
  • Regulatory NewsRegulatory News

    FDA report: Drug quality tops OPQ's list of product defects

    A new report from the US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) Office of Pharmaceutical Quality (OPQ) details the top drug quality issues seen in from 2016-2020, with questions of product quality topping the list.   In all, just over a quarter (27%) of all Product Quality Defect (PQD) reports were related to product quality issues, while device and packaging issues together made up another third of the PDQ reports over the 5-year period.   The PQD reports came fro...
  • FDA’s OPQ reports on drug quality efforts in 2020

    The office tasked with overseeing pharmaceutical quality within the US Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) released its annual report for 2020 on Thursday, highlighting its effort in a year marked by the COVID-19 pandemic.   In its previous annual report, the Office of Pharmaceutical Quality (OPQ) touted its participation in nearly one third of the preapproval inspections FDA carried out in 2019. For 2020, OPQ instead foc...
  • Feature ArticlesFeature Articles

    MDR, IVDR, and compliance: A guide for distributors

    Distributors must prepare for new incoming requirements under EU medical device and in vitro diagnostic device regulations. The importance of establishing an effective quality management system, drafting comprehensive contractual agreements and, if required, engaging notified bodies, has created much uncertainty for distributors. To fulfil these new requirements and maintain device supply chains, it is essential for distributors to act early, ensure sufficient in-house com...
  • Feature ArticlesFeature Articles

    An overview of upstream manufacturing process and process controls for biologics drug substance: A cytokine case

    This article provides an overview for writing up the biological drug substance manufacturing process and process controls. The authors provide an example for the manufacturing of biological drugs consisting of a cytokine. They cover several complex manufacturing steps and details expected to be included in Section 3.2.S.2.2 (Description of Manufacturing Process and Process Controls) of the Common Technical Document (CTD) for the Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Us...
  • Regulatory NewsRegulatory News

    FDA Floats Idea of a Rating System for Drug Manufacturers

    The US Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Task Force on Drug Shortages supports the idea of creating a new rating system to help drug purchasers, including consumers, better understand the quality management of drug manufacturing facilities. “This idea envisions that pharmaceutical companies could, at their discretion, disclose the rating of the facilities where their drugs are manufactured,” Janet Woodcock, director of FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, w...
  • Regulatory NewsRegulatory News

    FDA Sends Form 483s to Lupin, Aurobindo and Cipla Sites

    Following inspections in late September, India-based generic drugmakers Lupin, Aurobindo and Cipla received Form 483s posted last week by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for observations related to cleanliness, investigations into out-of-specification results and other deficiencies. Lupin’s site in Tarapur, India was inspected over five days in late September, and the partially redacted 483 includes three observations. The first questions the company’s investi...