• RF Quarterly

    Elements of global regulatory strategy — The basics

    For most of regulatory science’s established history, regulations governing drug safety and efficacy were established on a country-by-country basis. For instance, a US-centric framework was appropriate when most US-manufactured drugs were distributed and sold largely on the US market. Today, the pharmaceutical industry’s expanding global reach means drug distribution is multinational, yet the current regulatory frameworks still are largely national or regional in focus. Th...
  • RF Quarterly

    An introduction to regulatory strategy

    In its simplest form, strategy can be considered bringing a new product to market, but it touches every product development lifecycle aspect and can ensure market sustainability. A limited or inadequate strategy can challenge global expansion, thus emphasizing the importance of a well-designed and executed regulatory strategy. This article identifies the requirements for developing a strategy for a drug development plan, as well as postmarketing strategy, with some global ...
  • RF Quarterly

    Application of project management strategy to postapproval CMC submissions

    The five process groups of a process-based approach to project management are: Initiate, Plan, Execute, Monitor and Control, and Close, according to PMBOK. This article presents opportunities for using a project management framework when strategizing for CMC regulatory submission projects. The authors discuss PMBOK nomenclature, project performance domains, project constraints, process groups, examples of scenarios that may be encountered during a submission project, and t...
  • Feature ArticlesFeature Articles

    Nitrosamines in pharmaceuticals: Scientific and regulatory status

    Nitrosamines in pharmaceuticals have been of special concern since their presence at unacceptable levels in popular medicines was highlighted in 2018. Since then, improved understanding of their chemistry has enhanced the risk assessments, testing, and mitigation steps required to help minimize nitrosamine contamination in drug substances, excipients, and drug products. In addition, regulatory authorities have largely harmonized requirements and allowable limits in their r...
  • Regulatory NewsRegulatory News

    Pharma groups: FDA is exceeding its authority in risk management plan guidance

    The US Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) draft guidance on risk management plans (RMPs) has overstepped the agency’s statutory bounds in requiring manufacturers of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) as well as prescription drug manufacturers to submit risk management plans (RMPs) to avert drug shortages.   This requirement could impose the very drug shortages it is designed to prevent, instead of just targeting those products at risk of drug shortage, pharmace...
  • Feature ArticlesFeature Articles

    Getting ready for the FDA’s upcoming QMSR

    The FDA’s Quality Management System Regulation (QMSR) proposal, paired with the International Organization for Standardization’s ISO 13485:2016, is expected to deliver cost savings to medtech organizations that adhere to both requirements. This article covers the differences between QMSR, ISO 13485:2016, and the Medical Device Single Audit Program (MDSAP) so leaders can prepare for the upcoming changes.    Keywords – MDSAP, quality management, quality system regulat...
  • RF Quarterly

    Evolution of the Japanese regulatory system and agencies

    The Japanese regulatory system has been recognized as one of the most sophisticated and stringent regulatory systems in the world. The regulatory policies are developed and administered by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW), the Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) executes the policies, and certain authorities are delegated to local governments. Over the last 6 decades, the Japanese regulator has faced many challenges but has kept enhancing the...
  • Feature ArticlesFeature Articles

    FDA ‘high-risk’ foreign inspections: Post‒COVID-19 response to GMP challenges

    This article examines the US Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) return to inspections that were put on hold during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. It outlines the agency’s oversight of drug and biological products during the pandemic and its plans moving forward. The authors summarize the agency’s guidance and policies, industry considerations, and recommendations to manufacturers preparing for their next FDA inspection.   Keywords FDA, inspections, quality, risk m...
  • Regulatory NewsRegulatory News

    FDA asks manufacturers to develop risk management plans to avert shortages

    The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued draft guidance that spells out which types of drugs and medical devices are vulnerable to shortages and should be subject to risk management plan (RMP) reporting. The guidance also recommends risk factors to consider when developing the content of the RMPs.     Under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act), FDA was given new authorities to collect information from manufacturers in respond...
  • Regulatory NewsRegulatory News

    Pharmaceutical industry groups suggest ICH Q9 changes

    The proposed revisions of the International Council of Harmonization’s (ICH) Q9 (R1) guideline on risk management should be better aligned with medical device quality risk standards as well as international standards. Further, a firm’s information technology (IT) program should be subject to the same level of risk controls as other areas within an organization, representatives of the pharmaceutical industry said in their comments on the update.   The European Medicin...
  • Regulatory NewsRegulatory News

    ICH releases revised Q9 guideline to improve risk assessments

    The International Council for Harmonization (ICH) issued a revision of the Q9 guideline that aims to address the shortcomings of the current guideline. The goal of the revision is to provide “more scientific and robust applications of quality risk management principles (QRM)” leading to “fewer quality defects and recalls” and reduced costs for the pharmaceutical industry, according to an ICH business plan .   The ICH Q9(R1) guideline was published on the European Me...
  • RF Quarterly

    Current good manufacturing practices and quality system design

    Quality by design, or the principle of building quality into a product and testing, was introduced in 2011 as process validation guidance. Today it is codified within the Title 21 section 820. The quality management system (QMS) encompasses this principle in all areas of healthcare manufacturing – including drugs, biologics, and devices – and, with compliance, can ensure the safety and effectiveness of all manufactured products. The establishment, implementation, and maint...