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    Northern Africa: Regulatory Submission Considerations for the Region

    Northern Africa is an emerging region that presents a unique and diverse set of regulatory considerations . Through the World Health Organization (WHO), US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA), sponsors have been able to leverage the regulatory review and approval of medicines in International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) countries to access drugs to treat major diseases. While some of these regulatory pathways, including the...
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    Central Africa: Defining a Regulatory Strategy for the Region

    African countries represent an increasingly important target for vaccines and medicines to treat or prevent endemic infectious diseases (e.g., tuberculosis (TB) and malaria). A large portion of Central Africa still experiences unmet medical needs from bacterial and tropical diseases. This situation is due to a lack of new drugs that can stay ahead of the challenge of drug resistance, the high cost of modern medicines and the scarcity of access to healthcare programs...
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    West Africa: Defining a Regulatory Strategy for the Region

    Determining a regulatory strategy for a specific West African country requires assessment of infrastructure, resources and sponsor-agency relationships to achieve the best results. Sponsors must consider several regulatory hurdles when defining West African regulatory marketing application requirements, often without established guidelines. A myriad of government, non-government and regulatory organizations provide support to the region, and understanding their interactio...
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    Developing a Regulatory Strategy for East and Southern Africa

    When developing a regional African regulatory strategy, it is very important to make an early determination of the key markets that will be targeted based on the size of country vs. medical need, time to approval, competition, language, etc. This article addresses East and Southern Africa, as they are major markets that often follow European initiatives and, for the most part, are English speaking. Target countries within these markets might be those where sponsors can ob...