• RF Quarterly

    PMS and the role of CAPA in the medical device regulatory cycle: A Saudi perspective

    It is important for both medical device manufacturers and regulators to establish robust postmarketing surveillance (PMS) of devices to ensure their continued safe use. The PMS system should include reactive and proactive components, that is, vigilance and safety signals assessments. Applying corrective and preventive actions (CAPAs) as a part of the quality management system improves the quality and safety aspects of the manufactured medical devices. This article examines...
  • RF Quarterly

    Biologics compliance

    This article discusses the phases from the product development to commercialization. Biologics are subject to 21 Code of Federal Regulations in order to meet the criteria established for safety, purity, and potency. Compliance to these regulations should be built based on a quality management system and risk management to capture changes during the product development and process validation phases and prepare a product and facility for inspection readiness. Post commercial...
  • RF Quarterly

    RF Quarterly, June 2021: Artificial intelligence in global regulatory practice

    Welcome to the summer issue of RF Quarterly in which international experts from the UK, EU, Saudi Arabia, Hong Kong, and the US have come together to examine and dissect the role of artificial intelligence (AI) in healthcare and its impact on global regulatory practice.   Advances in AI technologies are transforming healthcare delivery and hold promise for improving patient outcomes. However, these complex technologies have introduced new challenges, especially aroun...
  • RF Quarterly

    Artificial intelligence: Characteristics, regulatory compliance, and legislation

    This article provides an introduction to artificial intelligence (AI), its characteristics, and how those characteristics affect regulatory compliance. It also examines efforts to regulate the ethical aspects of AI in the EU, future legislative initiatives that may affect AI in medical devices, and the crucial role standards play in supporting legislation.*   Introduction Although different people may understand artificial intelligence (AI) differently, it has been...
  • RF Quarterly

    Modernizing medical devices regulation for AI and ML: GHWP efforts

    The recent progress of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies has had a pivotal impact on the healthcare system. Medical device manufacturers use these technologies to develop new and innovative products for better health outcomes. However, these technologies have introduced new challenges to the medical field. There is a need to have a novel medical device regulatory framework that addresses these challenges. This article addresses the impact of AI on the medical devic...
  • RF Quarterly

    Regulatory update for SaMD and AI product approvals in China

    This article outlines the status of regulation for software as medical device (SaMD) in China, with particular focus on medical software using artificial intelligence (AI) technology. The market approval pathways are reviewed, and key sticking points discussed. Recent regulatory updates in this fast-moving area are presented, together with various product approval examples.   China’s medical software regulatory framework The term “medical device” is defined widely ...
  • RF Quarterly

    Enabling the digital transformation of industry: The roles of AI, big data, analytics, and related data ecosystem

    This article outlines the work of SC 42, the technical subcommittee for artificial intelligence (AI) of the ISO/IEC’s joint technical committee 1, which aims to accelerate adoption of the standards while simultaneously addressing emerging issues to enable successful digitalization of sectors.   Introduction and overview The digital transformation of industry promises to revolutionize how we live, work, and play, unlocking the vast potential of new use cases and ap...
  • RF Quarterly

    Synthetic data and the innovation, assessment, and regulation of AI medical devices

    Synthetic data are artificial data that mimic the properties of and relationships in real data. They show promise for facilitating data access, validation, and benchmarking, addressing missing data and under-sampling, sample boosting, and the creation of control arms in clinical trials. The UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) is using its current research into the development of high-fidelity synthetic data to develop its regulatory position on ar...
  • RF Quarterly

    RF Quarterly, March 2021: Global clinical trials

    Welcome to the inaugural issue of RF Quarterly featuring original, thematically developed content by regulatory experts addressing key areas and emerging issues in the global regulatory landscape. RF Quarterly is a member-exclusive addition to the regular monthly  Regulatory Focus  feature articles and replaces the former quarterly article series. The theme for this issue is Global Clinical Trials.   Clinical trials are an essential component of pharmaceutical re...
  • RF Quarterly

    Strategies for clinical development planning

    Clinical development planning can be thought of as the integrated design and structuring of the steps from the first phase 1 study for the initial assessment of safety, to one or more phase 2 studies for better understanding the product’s pharmacology, safety, and effectiveness, to a phase 3 definitive demonstration of efficacy and safety. Optimal strategy can be informed by creating a vision for the product in the form of a target product profile, examining precedence (wh...
  • RF Quarterly

    Clinical trials, good clinical practice, regulations, and compliance

    This article provides an overview of the international and national guidelines associated with clinical trials. The authors highlight the importance of multiregional clinical trials and outline the principles of good clinical practice (GCP) and regulatory compliance.   Introduction Clinical trials are essential components of pharmaceutical research and development. A clinical development program’s broad aim is to treat a specific indication in a certain population to...
  • RF Quarterly

    Planning for a clinical trial application

    In recent years, global clinical trials have become standard, and for a good reason. In broad terms, expanding clinical trials across the world provides a better opportunity for demonstrating the true impact of an investigational drug. Global clinical trials offer key advantages to patients and industry, but smaller companies may be hesitant to participate in global trials, wondering if the inevitable challenges outweigh the benefits. The key considerations in designing a ...